It is about a series of obligatory tests which certify the lawful conformity of all the new vehicles arriving on the market. The goal is to check that all the vehicles comply with the rules of emission of pollutants, more commonly called anti-pollution standards. Currently, it is the Euro6 standard which is in force.
The tests are carried out in laboratory and are carried out by independent organizations (for example, the UTAC in France). These tests are based on standardized cycles of control (lasted, speed, equipment, temperature, etc.) and the emissions of pollutants and CO2 measure, as well as the fuel consumption for the motor vehicles with combustion. These measurements thus make it possible to compare the performances of models of various manufacturers. This information is currently published in the booklets or commercial Internet sites of the manufacturers.